Architectural masterpiece !
Acropolis & Parthenon
A stroll in the Acropolis hill was and will always be one of the dreams of every traveler; especially at the top of the hill, where the Parthenon dominates, the architectural masterpiece of all time.
The Acropolis hill is closely linked with the foundation and evolution of the city of Athens. Rocky and steep among the surrounding hills was the most suitable for habitation being flat on top and offering protection and safety.
It has a height of 156 m and the plateau at the top has a length of 300 m, a greatest width of 150 m and an area of 15,000 square meters. On the slopes there were caves and something more important: water; and this due to the composition and the configuration of the soil.
The first traces of human habitation dating back to 6000 BC have been discovered in caves and they were of Pelasgian origin. The traces of habitation on the hill and around it date back to 4000 BC.
After 1600 BC, during the Mycenaean era, the Acropolis, protected by a wall, was the seat of the sovereign of Athens. In 800 BC a new settlement was developed on top, while gradually outside the walls, at first on the slopes and then at the foot of the hill, the lower city, the famous Asty, was developed.
The great development of Athens began in the end of the 7th century BC and at the time of Pericles the city reached the peak of its glory; its golden age left the Parthenon and the other monuments at the Acropolis as a legacy to the centuries.
Through the centuries, Athens and the Acropolis passed through many adventures and frequently experienced disasters. But the monuments on the hill continue to attract the world’s admiration. Apart from the Parthenon in the center of the plateau, stand out the Propylaea at the entrance of the Sacred Rock, the Temple of Athena Nike, a part of the Mycenaean wall and Erechthion.
But every corner and every stone has its own story.