Explore the amazing geological formations
Milos is the southernmost island of the western Cyclades, located southwest of the island of Kimolos. It has an area of 151 sq km, a length of 20 km and a width of 12 km. The highest peak is Prophet Elias at a height of 748 m. The soil is volcanic with great mineral wealth, known since prehistoric era.
The coastline has a length of 126 km. The large Milos Bay, on the north side, enters deep into the land and divides the island into two parts, eastern and western. Inside the bay, one of the safest anchorages in the Aegean Sea, it is the port of Adamas and the shores are low and sandy. At the perimeter of the island, the coastline is rocky and lacy with many bays. Larger are the bays of Triovasalos, Voudia, Palaiochori, Provato and Aghios Ioannis. In some places there are caves and amazing geological formations, such as at the sites of Sarakiniko in the north coast, and Kleftiko at the southwestern edge.
Milos is one of the most popular destinations in the Cyclades cluster and offers all the facilities and services to visitors. There are natural attractions, many of which are due to the volcanic origin of the island, and historical monuments, such as the remains of the ancient cities Phylakopi and Klima, the catacombs of the early Christian era, the castle and more. There are also many wonderful beaches.
Milos is known from Paleolithic era, because of its trade relations with other islands and mainland Greece thanks to obsidian, a volcanic material with which people made tools and weapons. According to tradition, the first inhabitants were the Phoenicians. During the early Bronze Age, Phylakopi was one of the most important cities of the Cycladic civilization. Milos was one of the few Cyclades islands that in the historical times, around 1000 BC, was inhabited by Dorians and was traditionally an ally of Sparta. That’s why it was destructed by Athens during the Peloponnesian War. In 426 BC, the Athenians failed to conquer it, but they succeeded in 416, killing the men and selling the women and children as slaves. They were expelled in 403 by the Spartans, who brought back the residents who had survived.
During the Hellenistic era, Milos was under the rule of the Macedonians and then of Ptolemy of Egypt, knowing new acme. Then the famous statue of Aphrodite of Milos was created; it was discovered in 1820 and is exposed in the Louvre in Paris. Christianity came early, as evidenced by the famous catacombs. In 1207 the island was included by the Venetian Marco Sanudo in the Duchy of Naxos. In 1537, came the Turks. Over the next centuries, the island became a base for pirates. In 1677, the Greek pirate John Kapsis became for some time the “king” of Milos.
Around Milos, there are many islets with caves and volcanic geological formations. Northwest is the island of AntiMilos, which has an area of 8 sq km, a length of 4 km and a width of 3 km wide and is a protected natural area, where they live the wild goats “kri-kri” and other rare species of fauna. Northeast is the uninhabited island of Polyaegos with an area of 17 sq km.